A model of HIV-1 pathogenesis that includes an intracellular delay (Delay Model)

A model of HIV-1 pathogenesis that includes an intracellular delay

Model Status

This CellML model represents the delay model from the paper, based on equation 4. The CellML model runs in both COR and OpenCell and the units are consistent. The model simulation output looks reasonable - with the exception of infectious T cells and noninfectious virus which have negative values in the early stages of the simulation. This should be physiologically impossible. The parameter value of the variable 'm' is unknown.

Model Structure

ABSTRACT: Mathematical modeling combined with experimental measurements have yielded important insights into HIV-1 pathogenesis. For example, data from experiments in which HIV-infected patients are given potent antiretroviral drugs that perturb the infection process have been used to estimate kinetic parameters underlying HIV infection. Many of the models used to analyze data have assumed drug treatments to be completely efficacious and that upon infection a cell instantly begins producing virus. We consider a model that allows for less then perfect drug effects and which includes a delay in the initiation of virus production. We present detailed analysis of this delay differential equation model and compare the results to a model without delay. Our analysis shows that when drug efficacy is less than 100%, as may be the case in vivo, the predicted rate of decline in plasma virus concentration depends on three factors: the death rate of virus producing cells, the efficacy of therapy, and the length of the delay. Thus, previous estimates of infected cell loss rates can be improved upon by considering more realistic models of viral infection..

The original paper reference is cited below:

A model of HIV-1 pathogenesis that includes an intracellular delay, Patrick W. Nelson, James D. Murray, and Alan S. Perelson, 2000, Mathematical Biosciences, 163, 201-215. PubMed ID: 10701304

A schematic diagram showing the cascade of events triggered by the binding of a HIV-1 virus particle to a receptor on a target T-cell.