Cross-bridge phosphorylation and regulation of latch state in smooth muscle

Cross-bridge phosphorylation and regulation of latch state in smooth muscle

Model Status

This CellML model runs in both OpenCell and COR to replicate the published results (figure 6a). The units have been checked and they are consistent.

Model Structure

ABSTRACT: We have developed a minimum kinetic model for cross-bridge interactions with the thin filament in smooth muscle. The model hypothesizes two types of cross-bridge interactions: 1) cycling phosphorylated cross bridges and 2) noncycling dephosphorylated cross bridges ("latch bridges"). The major assumptions are that 1) Ca2+-dependent myosin phosphorylation is the only postulated regulatory mechanism, 2) each myosin head acts independently, and 3) latch bridges are formed by dephosphorylation of an attached cross bridge. Rate constants were resolved by fitting data on the time courses of myosin phosphorylation and stress development. Comparison of the rate constants indicates that latch-bridge detachment is the rate-limiting step. Model simulations predicted a hyperbolic dependence of steady-state stress on myosin phosphorylation, which corresponded with the experimental observation of high values of stress with low levels of phosphorylation in intact tissues. Model simulations also predicted the experimental observation that an initial phosphorylation transient only accelerates stress development, with no effect on the final steady-state levels of stress. Because the only Ca2+-dependent regulatory mechanism in this model was activation of myosin light chain kinase, these results are consistent with the hypothesis that myosin phosphorylation is both necessary and sufficient for the development of the latch state.

The original paper reference is cited below:

Cross-bridge phosphorylation and regulation of latch state in smooth muscle, Hai CM, Murphy RA, 1988, American Journal of Physiology, 254, C99-C106. PubMed ID: 3337223

Hai and Murphy's four-state model: the latch regulatory scheme for Ca2+-dependent smooth muscle activation and Huxley's slidin filament model. A represents the actin filament, M represents detached myosin, Mp is detached, phosphorylated myosin, AM is the actin-myosin complex, and AMp is the phosphorylated actin-myosin complex.